Thai Verbs

VerbThai BreakdownEnglish EquivalentPhoenic
TRANSFER to NOUNS
Ta-na-kaanbank
Aa-haanfood
hongroom
nam|naamwater
hong namtoilet
hong nam yoo nai?room - water - where - iswhere is the toilet?
kaoto enter
jaiheart / soul / spirit
kao jaito understand(literally to enter the heart
mai kao jaidon't understand
PronounsYou
Kunyou
Teryou(informal - same age/ older towards younger)
Nooyou 2nd person (kids to adults)
Raoyou 2nd person (authoritative adult to kids)
Gaeyou - warning...( farang- don't use) intimate very close friends/family/Siblings
Than you (address highly respected person Monk, PM, CEO)
TRANSFER to Adjectives( transfer)
Naa rakcute / pretty
Suaybeautiful
Days of the Week
wanday
wan chanMonday
wan ankanTuesday
wan pudWednesday
wan pareuhadThursday
wan sukFriday
wan saoSaturday
wan atitSunday
ADVERBS (TBC)
tee naiWhere
yang ngaiHow
meua raiWhen
araiWhat
tam maiWhy
kraiWho
an naiWhich
yu tee naiWhere is / are
pom/chan ja har . . . dai tee naiWhere can I find / get
glai maiHow far
narn maiHow long? ( Time )
tow raiHow much / How many?
Sentence structure and grammar.
Statement + question
i.e.You like to eat what? / She comes to Thailand when?
Chai maiyes - no?confirming information (90% likely) like isn't it? or right?
Mai chainot-yesIs not / to decline
Implied pronouns can be dropped if clearly understood
(Kun) Bpen fa-rang chai mai(You) are foreigner yes ?Kun(you) is implied and therefore not necessarily used.
VERBs TO BE
BpenTo be / is / am / was / wereRule: bpen + noun. Bpen cannot precede an adj
Kao bpenHe is
Pom bpenI am
mai daai bpenno can be (prefix)
Mai chai (suffix)not yes
KeuIs Equal To / To be /Namely
Definition, explanation, - unsure/hesitant to say
Mee / mii to have, has / there is / there was
Yoo / yuuto live at / to be situated at / to be located somewhere
Yoo naiwhere are (you)?
Yoo baan(I) am ( at) home
tam/thamto act/ to affect
Pom chue RobI named RobMy name is Rob
Gub/gabwith
Goralso/too
Duayalso/together
TO HAVE/WANT
mi / meehave
pom/chan miI have
pom/chan mai miI don't have
khun miyou have
khun mai miyou don't have
mi | meeI have
mi leu (mee layoh)I have already
Yaak (yak)want
Kun|pom yakyou|I want
Haito give
mai dai yin khunCannot hear you
pom/chan dai yin khunI can hear you
Dai Yinhear
TO DO/GO
Tamto do / make
Tam a-raiDoing whatwhat are you doing?
Tam ngaandoing workAre you working?
Bpai go, leave,depart
Kun Tam ngaan a-raiyou doing work what?
Daican
Mai Daican't (no can)
Chop|choblike
kao jaito enter heart (understand)
kaoto enter
Keungoing up (elevate)
jaiheart
kao jaito understand (literally to enter the heart)
mai kao jaidon't understand
Ruu waause: pom ruu waa & {information}to know/remember information/details
Ruu-jakpom ruu jak khun Toddto know/relate to person/place/thing (noun)
Oa (food) / mai oaorder food / mai- neg response (ouw as in oouch)
leu / leawlayoh/ lay-ouwwAdded at the end of a sentence to make it past tense.
pud (pood/poot)I speak/say
pud leuI spoke/said
ma leuI have come
paigo
pai leugone
pai naigo where
pai diaonigo now
TO EAT
Gin/kineat, consume
Gin kaaoto have meal
gin kaaoto eat (eat rice/food)
QUESTIONS
FORMAT/STRUCTURE
Statement + mai (turns a statement into a question)
Subject + verb + noun (object) + mai(the same as English question (structure)
A-raiwhat
{Verb} +arai = action what?
Kun chue araiwhat's your name?
Neethis (object)
Nee araiThis what?
Nee riak-waa araithis- is called - whatthis is called what
ANSWERAnswer(...|...= OR)
Use khrap | {verb} of question | to answer yes or affirmative (yes|eating, etc?)
Mai + {verb}Negative response
Mai chainot yes
Mai daai bpennot can be
Nawnto lay/lie down
Nawn kwam / ngaailay on stomach/back
Kwamstomach
Ngaaiback (body)
Pom bpen kun jai deeI am person heart good
Mordoctor (ie: Tam mor - work Dr.)
TIME
Paai-langlater
Wan-nii/neetoday
Mue-a wanyesterday (mu-aa)
tomorrow
day after tomorrow
Leaw - ( layow) in the past (tense)
Maa-chaabeing late
Waang- free / available
pud (pood)I speak/say
pud leu/leawI spoke/said
ma leu/leawI have come
paigo
pai leu/Leawgone
pai naigo where
pai diaonigo now
hongroom
namwater
hong namwater roombathroom
hong nam yoo naiwater room is located at ?where is the toilet
kaoto enter
jaiheart/soul/spirit
kao jailiterally to enter the heartto understand
mai kao jainot enter heart/mindI do notunderstand
tee naiWhere
yang ngaiHow
meua raiWhen
araiWhat
tam maiWhy
kraiWho
an naiWhich
Yoo tee nai Where is / are
pom / chan ja har . . . dai tee naiWhere can I find / get
glai maiHow far
narn maiHow long ? Time
tow raiHow much / How many
mi / meehave
pom/chan mi/meeI have
pom/chan mai mi/meeI don’t have
khun mi/meeyou have
khun mai mi/meeyou don'’t have
Dai Yinhear
mai dai yin khuncannot hear you
pom/chan dai yin khunI can hear you